The mechanical equivalence of work and energy

Endothermic reactions

Energy and the first law of thermodynamics

First electron affinity and reactivity

Electron affinity

Properties of covalent compounds

Covalent bonds and valence

Breaking bonds requires an input of energy

Hydrogen bonds

Elastic and inelastic collisions

How is ammonia liquefied?

The Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution of energies

Motion of particles in the gas phase

The ideal-gas equation

The effects of temperature on density

‘The material of action so variable’

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